Stimulants are a class of drugs that enhance brain activity, causing an increase in alertness, attention, and energy. Due to their energizing qualities, they are often referred to as “uppers”. Stimulants are used as pharmaceuticals to treat a wide variety of ailments including depression, ADD/ADHD, narcolepsy, and obesity. A wide variety of street drugs classified as stimulants have been abused by people for thousands of years. Rehab centers have been challenged to deal with an increasing number of stimulant addicts with the recent popularity of cocaine and methamphetamine.
Examples of stimulants:
- Cocaine: A white, crystalline powder which acts as a power central nervous system stimulant.
- Caffeine: Both legal and unregulated in almost all countries of the world, caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive drug on the planet.
- Methamphetamine: A powerful central nervous system stimulant with a high potential for abuse. Success in meth rehab attempts are typically lower than most other drugs.
- Nicotine: The main psychoactive drug in tobacco, nicotine is highly addictive and can be one of the most difficult addictions to break.
- MDMA (“Ecstasy”): A psychoactive drug of the amphetamine class, MDMA has been tested for its therapeutic effects, but is also widely abused (despite being criminalized in most countries).
- Amphetamine (Adderall, Ritalin…etc.): A central nervous system stimulant often used as a prescription medication to treat ADD/ADHD.